Within the area of equal opportunities, gender equality deserves special attention. In fact, the European economy should strive to increase female employment rates to boost economic growth. However, many difficulties remain for women to enter and/or remain on the labour markets. The reasons can range from gender segregated labour markets, continuing gender stereotypes, biased educational choices, difficulties to reconcile work with family life, and/or the challenge to sharing family and household responsibilities with the other parent. This situation has an impact on the gender pay gap and the gender pensions gap. Men are also part of the answer and should not be excluded from the discussions. It is for example important to encourage men to take on a more equal share of family responsibilities.